Singapore has always maintained a balance between development and conserving the environment. Successive environmental blueprints, such as the Singapore Green Plan 2012 (SGP2012) and the Sustainable Singapore Blueprint (SSB) 2015 have set forth our strategies and initiatives to achieve economic growth and a good living environment.
Singapore’s development as a clean and green city is the result of decades of deliberate planning and effort.
Singapore has taken early measures on sustainable development, such as managing the growth of our vehicle population and making the switch from fuel oil to natural gas, the cleanest form of fossil fuel, to generate electricity. Over 95 per cent of Singapore’s electricity is now generated by natural gas. These early initiatives have helped to moderate our carbon emissions growth significantly.
However, given the small size of our nation, and our dense urban landscape, there are challenges to using alternative energy options like solar and wind power on an island-wide scale. Such limitations in switching to alternatives are recognised by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC¹).
¹ Articles 4.8 and 4.10 of UNFCCC take into consideration the national circumstances of developing countries - especially small island countries, countries with low-lying coastal areas, land-locked and transit countries, and countries disadvantaged in the use of alternative energy sources, amongst others. Article 4.10 recognises the circumstances of such countries with “serious difficulties in switching to alternatives”.