Climate change affects Singapore’s annual mean surface temperature, which has risen at an average rate of 0.2-0.3°C per decade since the 1980s. The recent ten years in 2010-2019 was the warmest decade on record at 27.95°C. The daily rainfall totals and frequency of days with heavier rainfall have also risen.
Additionally, the mean sea level has shown an annual increase of 3 mm per year over the last 15 years (on islandwide average). This makes adaptation measures a necessity for Singapore to prepare for the effects and to increase resilience to the effects of climate change.
Singapore’s Approach to Adaptation
Singapore has started making early preparations to adapt to the impact of climate change. At the same time, our understanding of climate change is continually evolving. To address the projected effects of climate change over the next 50 to 100 years, the government has introduced a resilience framework to guide our efforts in safeguarding Singapore over the long term.
Singapore’s Adaptation Approach
Source: Resilience Working Group
Being Flexible to Incorporate Future Findings
The Resilience Working Group (RWG) under the Inter-Ministerial Committee on Climate Change (IMCCC) is currently studying measures that will address our physical vulnerabilities to climate change.
These includes an evaluation of the Phase 2 Climate Change Study and the Building and Construction Authority’s (BCA) Risk Map Study. Updates from these studies will be reviewed by RWG so that they can be incorporated into Singapore’s long-term adaptation plans.